Germany wins the gold star when it comes to success, innovation and growth. Shrewdly, they invest in areas of R&D outside of the typical high-tech industry and can apply new German discoveries to traditional sectors such as automotive and industrial production. This makes their manufacturing one of the most productive in the world. Germany has a history of being scientifically minded; they were the first-ever winners of the Nobel Prize in 1901. The country has proved a fertile ground for inventors, and the largest industrial nation in Europe has excelled in the areas of medicine, aerospace and automobiles.
German inventions – Automotive Industry
The Germans have long been kings of the automotive industry. They are also responsible for some of the greatest breakthroughs in automotive engineering. The diesel engine is a German invention by Rudolf Diesel of Bavaria. While working on improving the fuel efficiency of refrigeration units, his research into thermodynamics resulted in producing a high compression, self-igniting engine. Karl Drais was one of the foremost German inventors in the 19th century. He is credited with the German invention of the balance bike, the ancestor to the modern bicycle. With no pedals, the rider would use their feet to push on the ground while maintaining their balance. The airbag, a German invention by Walter Linderer, was used for the first time in 1981 as optional equipment for the Mercedes-Benz S-Class. The airbag has now become standard in most cars and has been helping to save lives ever since.
German Inventions – Aerospace
German engineering has a reputation for quality, strength and reliability and their history of innovation extends to the aerospace industry. There is some controversy over the true inventor of the jet engine as two aviation engineers were working on its design simultaneously, one in England and one in Germany. Eventually, it was the German inventor Dr Hans von Ohain who first produced a successfully flying prototype in 1937, manufactured by the German aircraft builder Ernst Heinkel. Engelbert Zaschka was one of the first German Helicopter pioneers. Unfortunately, Zaschka’s plane, the first helicopter, only ever worked successfully in miniature, but no doubt this German discovery aided the future development of the modern rotary helicopter.
German Inventions – IT
Of all the German inventions which we could not live without, the one that stands out without a doubt is the computer. Konrad Zuse was a German civil engineer, revolutionary computer scientist, inventor and businessman. His greatest achievement was the world's first programmable computer in 1941. He worked in almost complete intellectual isolation during World War II, and it was the Z3, his third attempt, which can be ascribed as the birth of the modern computer. I bet there are quite a few ingenious German inventions in your pocket right now; chip cards. SIM cards, credit cards, IDs, anything which holds data on a chip. German engineers Jürgen Dethloff and Helmut Göttrup invented the microprocessor cards when the banks decided that a magnetic strip and signature weren’t secure enough in 1969.
German Inventions – Medical discoveries
German inventions and thinkers have dominated science for generations. Even whole fields of medicine such as bacteriology can be ascribed as German discoveries. Many German inventions are things we have come to take for granted. X-rays were a German discovery by physicist Wilhelm Konrad von Röntgen in 1895. The use of radiography has only increased since, with millions of x-rays used to diagnose everything from broken bones to pneumonia. Another German discovery was the first contact lens. The idea for an artificial lens can be traced back as far as Leonardo Da Vinci himself. Still, it was glass blower and artificial eye maker, F. E. Muller of Wiesbaden, who realised this German invention in 1887. Muller was so highly respected for his device that he was made an honorary Doctor of Medicine.
German Innovation – Mundialz
Germany devotes a large percentage of its economic output into R&D, and the most potent thing about German innovation is their ability to convert academic ideas into a highly productive industry. It’s no wonder they have enjoyed continued economic success for years. Mundialz works with many large companies who are tapping into this inspirational atmosphere. If you want to work on the breakthroughs of the future, then working in Germany could be for you.